224. George W. Bush Jr. (Listen and Read)
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George W. Bush Jr. was inaugurated as the 43rd President of the United States on January 20 2001.
Of course, people knew that he was the son of the 41st President, George H. W. Bush.
He had also been Governor of Texas since 1994.
However, aside from this, he was not very well known outside of Texas.
Why then did so many people want him to run for president in 2000?
Many republicans thought that the democrats could be defeated in 2000.
But they themselves lacked a candidate with strong appeal.
As the election approached, leading republicans worried about whom to support.
Some of the most powerful republicans were state governors.
They began to look around at each other for a possible candidate.
Most eyes turned to George W. Bush, the Governor of Texas.
In November 1998, Bush was re-elected as Governor by an impressive margin.
By now, Bush was the leading republican candidate in the polls.
Of course, one advantage that Governor Bush had was a familiar name.
In fact, when he did well in some early polls, it is likely that some people really voted for his father.
They thought that George H. W. Bush was running again.
The Bush family was able to swing a lot of support to George W.
It also helped that his brother, Jeb, was now Governor of Florida.
Parents George and Barbara were both born in eastern United States.
But in 1948, George moved to Texas where he made a fortune in the oil business.
He went into politics in the 1960s and 70s and served in a number of important positions.
He was Ronald Reagan's Vice President from 1981 to 1989,
and President from 1989 to 1993.
George W. was born in 1946, the oldest of the Bush children.
Three more brothers and two sisters were also born.
The youngest sister died of leukemia as a child.
George W. attended the same prestigious eastern colleges as his father.
Then he came back to Texas and was a fighter pilot with the Texas Air National Guard.
During the early '70s he wandered from place to place, trying different jobs.
After attending Harvard Business School from 1972 to 1975,
he came back to Texas and started his own oil exploration company.
Although it wasn't as profitable as his father's company,
he eventually sold his stock shares for a considerable amount of money.
In 1978, he ran for the Senate of the United States but was defeated.
He became closely involved in his father's campaign for president in 1988.
Here he developed a lot of the political skills he was later able to use to run for office himself.
In 1989, back in Texas, George W. organized a group that bought the Texas Rangers baseball team.
He later sold the team in 1998 and made a $14 million profit.
In 1994, he surprised the political world by defeating the incumbent Governor of Texas.
As Governor, he pushed ahead with an energetic program,
which reflected neo-conservative values.
However, George W. did not appear as an ideologist to people.
Even his opponents were willing to work with him.
When he ran for president in 2000, Bush described himself as a "compassionate conservative".
Only time will tell how successful Bush will be as U.S. President.
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